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Solgar Vitamins, Minerals and Botanical Herb Supplements

Solgar are a long...

Solgar Vitamins, Minerals and Botanical Herb Supplements

Solgar are a long standing Vitamin, Mineral and Botanical Herb supplement manufacturer who have been one of the key companies in the alternative health sector since 1947. Solgar undertake extensive research when developing their suplements and manufacture at a high quality. They are also reknown for providing in-depth training throughout the health food industry.

Solgar produce Vitamins, Minerals, Botanical Herbs, Nutritional Oils, Amino Acids, Probiotics, Fibres, Protiens and Multi-Vitamin & Mineral formulations. There is not much you could need that is not covered by their extensive range, all of which is listed here. Solgar supplements may at first appear to be expensive, but when compared to cheaper brands you will find that the nutrient levels are much less than in Solgar's range and their multi-vitamin & mineral formulations provide a very comprehensive array of nutrients.

We are a certified Solgar etailer (4412457), guaranteeing genuine quality Solgar products. We have stocked Solgar vitamin & mineral supplements in our store since way before the internet existed, with many members of our staff undertaking training by Solgar to advise people about the correct Solgar supplements for their needs.

If you are in need of any advice about a product please don't hesitate to contact one of our advisors on 01570 423 317.

You will find the entire Solgar vitamins & minerals catalogue listed here, which is massive. Some items listed are not available for same day delivery and will be marked as 'Online Only', please expect a couple of days lead time on these items.

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Subcategories

  • Amino Acids

    AMINO ACIDS are the building blocks of protein. Our daily protein requirement is really a need for Amino Acids. Dietary Amino Acids are classified as “essential” or “non-essential”.

    Essential Amino Acids (Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan and Valine) cannot be manufactured by the body and must be supplied in the diet or ill-health results.

    The non-essential Amino Acids are also essential for health, but can be synthesised in the body from the essential Amino Acids. Both the essential and non-essential Amino Acids are reassembled as hormones, enzymes, neurotransmitters (chemical messengers), antibodies and nutrient carriers.The term “non essential” may be misleading. Although Histidine was once considered an essential Amino Acid for infants only, subsequent research has determined that Histidine may also be essential for adults. Arginine, Ornithine, Cysteine, Cystine, Taurine and Tyrosine are classified as non-essential Amino Acids but may be essential for individuals with certain diseases or nutritional concerns.

    A suboptimal intake of the essential Amino Acids increases the body’s need for the non-essential Amino Acids.

  • Antioxidants

    IF YOU ever wondered why an apple turns brown after you cut it or why iron rusts when exposed to the elements, you are questioning the damage and destructive effects of oxidants (free radicals) normally found in the environment.

    Oxidation causes similar harm to the cells of your body. When you breathe, digest food, exercise or just sleep, your body produces potentially harmful agents called free radicals. The free-radical chain reactions in your body take place countless times each day. To make matters worse, emotional stress, ultraviolet light and toxic substances in air pollution and cigarette smoke also generate free radicals that can put your health at risk. Fortunately, nature offers the means to protect yourself against the hazards of oxidation by-products. You can call on powerful allies known as Antioxidants, that work in opposition to free radicals. Researchers have found that Antioxidants inhibit and control free radicals.

    To minimise the damaging effects of free radicals, a balance of Antioxidants is required. The most important Antioxidants include: Carotenoids such as Beta-carotene, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Tocotrienols, NAC (N-Acetyl Cysteine), Glutathione, L-Cysteine and components found in certain Botanicals such as Ginkgo biloba, Bilberry, Red Wine (Grape Skins) and Green Tea. The Minerals Zinc and Selenium, are crucial components of important antioxidant enzyme systems in the body. While steps should be taken to ensure adequate dietary sources, additional supplementation to provide optimal intake may be desirable.

  • Botanical Products

    TODAY’S EMPHASIS on Wellness and a more holistic approach to healthcare has given rise to a new popularity for Botanicals. More and more people are using Botanicals for their natural, time-tested effectiveness in prevention as well as for treating a variety of ailments. The use of Botanicals in medicine dates back thousands of years. In fact, many of today’s medicines were originally derived from Botanicals. For example, aspirin once came from the white willow tree, quinine from the bark of the cinchona tree and digitalis from foxglove.

    Botanicals are still the basis for Chinese medicine and are important constituents of many European natural remedies. As Hippocrates said, ‘Let thy food be thy medicine, thy medicine be thy food’. Solgar is committed to bringing you the best Botanical supplements available today. We apply the same high standards to our Botanicals as with the rest of our nutritional supplements.

    Solgar’s Botanicals are carefully selected from plants growing in the wild (wildcrafted) or meticulously cultivated on special Botanical farms. We choose the finest, freshest Botanicals based on a strict set of criteria such as, the correct geographical origin of the raw material, the authentication of the species and the quality of the raw material. Our Botanicals enter Solgar’s state-of-the-art quality control microbiological laboratory where they are scientifically evaluated for their quality, purity, potency and authenticity.

    Most Solgar Botanical supplements are available in vegetable capsules, our two-piece capsule made entirely from vegetable cellulose. Unlike many other encapsulated Botanical products, Solgar’s Botanical supplement in vegetable capsules are completely free of animal derivatives. The clear capsule is fast dissolving and completely neutral to the Botanical contents. Vegetable capsules are free of potential irritants such as starch, sugar, preservatives and colour, making it the perfect capsule for Botanical supplements.

  • Carotenoids

    THE ENTIRE family of Carotenes are found naturally in many vegetables and fruits, specifically, Beta-carotene is found in those that are dark orange or green. The difference between a dark orange carrot and a pale one is its Carotene content. Beta-carotene and other Carotenoid supplementations are an appealing and convenient way to make up the difference. Unfortunately, most diets are lacking in these important nutrients.

    Beta and Alpha-carotene are precursors to Vitamin A and act as antioxidant nutrients. They are the only Carotenoids converted to appreciable amounts of Vitamin A. However, the body only converts these Carotenoids into Vitamin A as needed. Beta and Alpha-carotene are important for the immune system and help to provide resistance to infection. They are also necessary for the development and maintenance of healthy epithelial tissue and mucous membranes such as the lining of the lungs, bronchi and other respiratory tissues. Epithelial tissue forms a barrier against bacteria and other foreign substances and aids directly in the prevention of infection and disease. Much attention has been devoted to the entire family of Carotenoids including: Alpha-carotene, Lutein, Lycopene, Zeaxanthin and Capsanthin. Research has demonstrated that some of these Carotenoids have significant antioxidant and protective benefits greater than Beta-carotene.

  • Coenzyme Q-10

    COENZYME Q-10 (CoQ-10) is in every plant and animal cell, although dietary sources may not be sufficient to make up a deficiency. It is an essential component of the mitochondria (the powerhouse of all cells). Cells use it to produce energy that your body needs for cell growth and maintenance.

    It is produced by the human body and is necessary for the basic functioning of cells. CoQ-10 levels are reported to decrease with age and to be low in people with certain chronic ailments. Some prescription medicines may also lower CoQ-10 levels.

    Coenzymes help enzymes to work in order to digest food and perform other body functions, including protecting the heart and skeletal muscles.

    Nutri-NanoTM technology is a patent-protected technology that transforms fat-soluable nutrients into ambiphilic ones (soluable in both fat and water) therefore they have unprecedented absorption, which leads to better bioavailability and superior efficacy. Ubiquinol is a reduced form of CoQ-10. Studies published in referenced scientific journels indicate that Ubiquinol is at least twice as well absorbed as ubiquinone (the oxidised form of CoQ-10), with requirements increasing with age and/or in the presence of acute or chronic health problems.

  • Digestive Aids / Probiotics

    PROPER DIGESTION and absorption are two of the most important physiological functions in the body. If these processes are not working properly, optimal health cannot be maintained. Incomplete or disordered digestion can be a major contributor to the development of ill health. The problem can be two-fold:

    (1) ingestion of foods and nutritional substances are of little benefit when breakdown and assimilation are inadequate (2) incompletely digested food molecules can be inappropriately absorbed into the systemic circulation. This can lead to the development of food allergies and other associated disorders.

    The digestive tract and its function may be the single most important body component determining health and disease. Maintaining normal digestion, absorption and elimination is a necessity. When these functions are faulty, we may not be aware that these dysfunctions are contributing to many other problems. The impaired digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates further contributes to impaired assimilation and nutritional deficiency problems. Therefore, when they are needed, supplemental support of Digestive Enzymes may be even more important.

    Natural emulsifying agents and Digestive Enzymes are excellent aids to the digestive and absorptive processes. A number of Digestive Enzyme supplements are available.



    PROBIOTICS There are over 400 species of bacteria living in our digestive tracts. Most of these are ‘friendly’ bacteria that have a mutually beneficial relationship with us, their hosts. However, the gut is also home to some pathogenic (disease- causing) bacteria which, given the right conditions, can proliferate causing the delicate environment of the gut to be disrupted. The results can be digestive disturbances such as bloating, flatulence, constipation and diarrhoea.

    Friendly bacteria feed on fibre and in doing so, produce various organic acids that can alter the acidity level of the intestines, therefore controlling the spread of pathogenic bacteria. They also manufacture certain vitamins and aid the digestion of our food e.g. Lactose in milk products. It is therefore very important to ensure that the balance of intestinal bacteria is in favour of the ‘friendly’ strains, which can be achieved by eating an appropriate diet (high fibre and low sugar) and supplementing with probiotics.

  • Essential Fatty Acids

    FATTY ACIDS are the basic structural units of Lipids. Lipid is the general term which refers to dietary fat. The body can synthesise many fatty acids. However, those which it cannot manufacture in adequate amounts must be obtained from the diet, and are termed Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs).

    Fatty acids can be saturated, monounsaturated or polyunsaturated depending on the degree to which the basic carbon chain of the molecule is filled with hydrogen. The two essential fats are defined as Linolenic – an Omega-3 fatty acid, and Linoleic Acid – an Omega-6 fatty acid. These terms, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, refer to which carbon atom of the fatty acid molecule the first double bond is located. Many nutritionists and scientists feel the western diet emphasises Omega-6 fatty acids while Omega-3 fatty acids are under-consumed. Including more Omega-3 rich foods in the diet and decreasing the consumption of red meats, hydrogenated oils and other saturated fats may protect us against many of today’s degenerative diseases.

    EFAs are found most abundantly in Fish Oils and unadulterated Seed Oils such as Canola, Sunflower and Safflower Oil. Flaxseed Oil is an exceptional oil containing both essential fatty acids in appreciable amounts. Flax, also known as Linseed, is nature’s richest source of Omega-3 fatty acids. Cold salt-water fatty fish such as herring, haddock, cod, mackerel and salmon are also rich in Omega-3 polyunsaturates and serve as the source of Fish Oil supplements.

    It has been recognised that EFAs have profound beneficial effects on the body andinfluence hormone production, immunity and cardiovascular health. Deficiencies of these various fatty acids have been associated with hormonal imbalance and degenerative disease. Fatty acids maintain the structure and function of the cellular and sub-cellular membranes. Cholesterol transport, degradation and removal from the body is regulated by EFAs. In addition, prostaglandin, hormone-like substances in the body, are influenced by Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids through a series of enzyme-dependent reactions. Prostaglandins functions include promoting smooth muscle contractions, regulating blood pressure and gastro secretions and influencing other hormones. Essential fatty acids are also important for normal growth, especially of blood vessels and nerves. In addition, they keep the skin and other tissues youthful and supple via their lubricating capacity. The most important fatty acids include: Linoleic Acid, Linolenic Acid, Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA), Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA).

  • Fibre

    DIETARY FIBRE is defined as all food substances that our Digestive Enzymes cannot break down and utilise as energy. All fibres fall into two basic categories: water soluble and water insoluble that are further divided into five subclasses: cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, pectin and gum. In the diet, insoluble fibres are typically found in wheat bran, wholegrains, skins of fruits/vegetables and nuts. Soluble fibres on the other hand, may be found in oats, pectin, guar, barley, beans and sea vegetables. The health benefits of insoluble and soluble fibres have been well documented. There are some nutrients contained in fibre that may be extracted for the body to use, but the basic fibre structure passes through our digestive tract to clean our intestines and give more bulk to the stool. It actually helps the bowels to function more efficiently.

    More specifically, insoluble fibres absorb large amounts of water, stimulate the intestinal tract and provide gastrointestinal benefits. Soluble fibres are characteristically sticky and mesh with water to form gels. They modulate blood glucose by slowing its absorption into the bloodstream. In addition, they lower elevated blood cholesterol by binding bile salts that cause the body to break down more cholesterol to manufacture more bile salts. Furthermore, they chelate toxins (e.g. heavy metals) in the intestinal tract.

    National food surveys reveal that westerners only consume approximately one third of the fibre they need. While the government suggests five servings per day of fresh fruits and vegetables, the average is closer to two. The average low-fibre diet provides only 10-20 grams of fibre daily. Simple modifications to one’s diet may be made to increase dietary fibre such as; including a high-fibre cereal for breakfast, choosing brown rice over white rice, including 2-3 pieces of fresh fruit (with skins) in between meals, etc. Additionally, high-fibre supplements may also be used to complement one’s dietary need for increased fibre intake.

  • Food Supplements

    THE FOOD SUPPLEMENTS category is comprised of concentrated foods and Botanical Extracts which provide additional nutrient value to a person’s diet when combined or taken in conjunction with food. Products such as Brewer’s Yeast are rich sources of Protein, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids - in the same forms as they occur in nature.

    Some Food Supplements can be mixed with juices, sprinkled on salads or cereals, and incorporated into breads and sauces. Others are offered as tablets or capsules for easy and palatable ingestion. Others are available in concentrated forms that provide optimal nutritional benefits in small, manageable portions.

  • Gold Specifics(TM)

    SOLGAR’S GOLD SPECIFICSTM are a premium range of natural combination formulas that get right to the point by aiding and supporting specific functions in the body. They're the cutting edge of nutritional science.

    To create Gold SpecificsTM, our researchers utilised the latest studies and the most advanced nutritional technology. Never before have we had such a wealth of research about natural constituents and how they work in the body. Now we have clear understandings of their significant, and highly specific, physiological benefits.

    As a result Gold SpecificsTM are revolutionary formulas, synergistic blends of Vitamins, Chelated Minerals, Free-Form Amino Acids, Advanced Phytonutrients, Antioxidants and Standardised Botanicals. All incorporate the most innovative ingredients available today. All offer precise nutrient levels to ensure optimal results and proper nutrient forms for efficient absorption and utilisation.

    The Gold SpecificsTM formulations can be taken with your favourite Multivitamin and Antioxidant Formula.

  • Lecithin
  • Minerals

    MINERALS ARE essential factors in human nutrition; they are constituents of the bones, teeth, soft tissue, muscles, blood, and nerve cells. They act as catalysts for many biological reactions within the body, and are important in the production of hormones.

    Calcium is the body’s most abundant mineral. Its primary function is to help build and maintain bones and teeth, which it does in co-operation with Phosphorus. In addition, Calcium aids in the process of blood clotting and in the control of the passage of fluids through the cells. It is also related to the proper functioning of the heart and neuromuscular system. Vitamin D is an important factor in Calcium absorption.

    Copper is found in all the tissues of the body. It assists in the formation of haemoglobin and red blood cells by aiding Iron absorption, and assists in the conversion of an amino acid to a dark pigment which colours the hair and skin. A large amount of Molybdenum, Zinc or Sulphur in the diet is antagonistic to Copper, having an adverse effect on its absorption.

    Iodine is an essential component of the thyroid hormone, thyroxine, which is the master regulator of metabolic reactions involved in oxidation.

    The major function of Iron is to act with protein and Copper in making haemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying pigment found in red blood cells. Vitamin C enhances the absorption of Iron by changing it to a form that is more readily usable by the body.

    At least half of the Magnesium in the body is combined with Calcium and Phosphorus in the bones. The remainder is in the red blood cells, muscles and other soft tissue. Magnesium is involved in muscle contraction and nerve function.

    Manganese is an important activator for, and is part of, many enzyme systems. It plays a part in protein synthesis and fatty acid metabolism, and is necessary for normal skeletal development and pituitary gland activity.

    Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in the body, and is found in every living cell. It is involved in the proper functioning of both muscles and nerves, and often works along with Calcium. The healthy body maintains a specific Calcium-Phosphorus balance in the bones of 2:1.

    Sodium and Potassium are involved in the balance of fluid within the body, Potassium being found mainly within the cells, and Sodium being found predominately in the fluids outside the cells. Along with Calcium and Magnesium, the balance of these electrolytes plays a vital role in cardiovascular health.

    Zinc is an essential trace mineral, important to the immune system, and is a component of many enzyme systems. It is also a constituent of insulin and male reproductive fluid. Should there be a high intake of Calcium, or of phytic acid, found in certain grains, there is a need for a greater intake of Zinc.

    Chromium, serves to potentiate the effectiveness of insulin, the hormone responsible for blood sugar metabolism.

    Molybdenum is a trace element that serves as a co-factor in many enzyme systems. The physiological roles of the Sulphur-bearing Amino Acids involve Molybdenum.

    Boron is a trace element that influences the metabolism of nutrients involved in the maintenance of strong bones and may play a role in hormone regulation.

    Selenium is an essential trace mineral that works synergistically with Vitamin E. As a constituent of Glutathione peroxidase, an antioxidant enzyme, Selenium neutralises free radicals before they can damage body tissues.

  • Multivitamins

    THE HUMAN BODY requires a wide variety of Food Substances, termed "nutrients", which are the building materials for new and repaired tissues. Each nutrient has specific functions. Although in many instances, several must work together to help the body perform the necessary task.

    Among the nutrients that work together are Vitamins and Minerals that are constituents of the body’s enzyme systems, the catalysts necessary for the maintenance of life.

    To ensure optimum nutrient intake, for many individuals it is important to consider supplementing the daily diet with a Multivitamin/Multimineral formula.

  • Protein

    PROTEIN IS the most abundant substance in the body after water.It is vitally important for the growth, maintenance and repair of all body tissues. Therefore Protein is one of the most important components of a healthy diet. It is a major component of bones, muscles, blood, nerves, internal organs, hair, skin, nails, ligaments and tendons. Hormones such as thyroid hormone and insulin are also reliant on Protein, as is the immune system, which requires adequate Protein for the formation of antibodies.

    Protein is made up of Amino Acids, 22 of which are required by the human body. Eight of these are known as essential Amino Acids because they must be consumed in the diet. Unlike the others, the essential Amino Acids cannot be synthesised by the body. When a food contains all eight essential Amino Acids it is referred to as a complete Protein. Common complete Protein foods include meat, eggs and dairy products.

  • Speciality Supplements

    This section contains a variety of specialist nutritional supplements that represent the very latest nutritional research.

    SOLGAR OFFERS:
    • Beta Glucans Immune Complex Research has established that many nutrients play an integral role in the functioning of the immune system. This synergistic combination of Beta 1,3 Glucans, Vitamin C, Vitamin D3, Zinc, Selenium and phytonutrient rich berries, provides support to the immune system as well as antioxidant protection

    • Balance Rhodiola Complex The adrenal glands are key to how the body manages both internal and external stressors and they are supported by a number of key nutrients. Pantothenic Acid and Tyrosine are both involved with the synthesis of the adrenal hormones whilst Licorice can help when there is adrenal hormone deficiency. Rhodiola and Siberian Ginseng, as well-known adaptogens, help regulate the body’s response to stress. The inclusion of Chamomile and Magnesium can alleviate tension and anxiety, and may promote feelings of relaxation

    • Thermogenic Complex Thermogenesis has long been recognised as a key factor for regulating metabolism and supporting optimal body composition. Numerous studies have demonstrated the thermogenic action of several of nature's Botanicals and nutrients. This blend of nutrients, including Green Coffee (Svetol®), helps support healthy body composition and the regulation of weight control

    • Quercetin Complex A combination of Quercetin, Bromelain and Ester-C®. Quercetin, a non-citrus Bioflavonoid that works synergistically with Vitamin C

  • Vitamin A&D | Cod Liver Oil

    VITAMINS A and D are fat-soluble Vitamins that are essential to our health and are frequently found together in nature.

    Vitamin A has many different functions. First it is related to the maintenance of normal vision in dim light or the prevention of night blindness. It also aids in the growth and formation of body cells, making it essential for body growth. It is especially needed for bone growth. If the intake is not sufficient, bones will stop growing before the soft tissues are fully mature.

    Vitamin A is also needed for normal tooth development because the enamel-forming cells are affected by lack of Vitamin A. It is also important in the maintenance of healthy epithelial tissues. There are two kinds of epithelial tissues: (1) those that cover the outer surface of the body - the resistant, protective skin (epidermis), and (2) those that line all the mucous membranes. Without Vitamin A, the epithelial cells become dry and flat and gradually harden to form scales that shed. Vitamin A is also necessary for the health of the membranes lining the stomach, intestinal wall, bladder and urinary passages and for the health of the sex glands and uterus. Lastly, Vitamin A works better where there are sufficient levels of Zinc and an adequate intake of Protein.

    Vitamin D is required for Calcium and Phosphorus absorption and utilisation. It is necessary for growth, development and maintenance of bones and teeth in adults and children. In its active form, Vitamin D works with Calcium to control bone formation. Vitamin D is unique in that man and animals normally obtain it from two sources: the spontaneous formation in the skin by the sun via a photochemical reaction in the epidermis, and eating from a food that contains Vitamin D.

  • Vitamin B

    THE B VITAMINS consist of a large number of substances that are involved in the metabolism of all living cells. Acting as coenzymes, they work together with proteins in the various enzyme systems of our body.

    The functions of the B Vitamins are closely synergistic, and because of these inter-relationships, a deficient intake of one or more of them can cause deficiencies in the others by hampering their utilisation. B Vitamins are water-soluble and are not stored in the body. They must be replaced daily, and any excess is excreted. Although the B Vitamins do work together, some of their individual functions are as follows:

    Vitamin B1 Thiamin acts as a coenzyme necessary for the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose, which is burned in the body for energy. It is essential for the functioning of the nervous system, and a deficiency can cause beriberi, a disease marked by weakness, paralysis and oedema.

    Vitamin B2 Riboflavin acts as a coenzyme that activates the breakdown and utilisation of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It is essential for cellular oxidation, and a deficiency can cause tissue inflammation and over-sensitivity to bright light.

    Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine plays a role as a coenzyme in the breakdown and utilisation of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It facilitates the release of glycogen for energy from the liver and muscles. It also participates in the utilisation of energy in brain and nervous tissues and is essential for the regulation of the central nervous system.

    Vitamin B12 Cobalamin is the only vitamin containing cobalt, a trace mineral. It is essential for the normal functioning of all body cells, especially those of bone marrow, gastrointestinal tract, and nervous system, and is necessary for the formation of red blood cells.

    Biotin is an essential coenzyme that assists in the making of fatty acids and in the burning of carbohydrates and fats for body heat and energy. It also aids in the utilisation of Amino Acids, Folic Acid, Pantothenic Acid, and Vitamin B12, and is a potent stimulant to the growth of healthy cells.

    Choline is usually considered part of the Vitamin B-Complex. It is a constituent of Lecithin, which facilitates the movement of fat from the liver and into cells, and it must be present before Vitamin A can be stored. It is manufactured in the body but most tissue Choline is derived from dietary phosphatides as found in Lecithin.

    Folic Acid, or Folacin, functions along with Vitamins B12 and C in the utilisation of proteins, and has an essential role in the formation of heme, the Iron-containing protein in haemoglobin, relating Folic Acid with the formation of red blood cells. Some Folic Acid is produced by the intestinal bacteria. Folic Acid is essential during pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects in the developing foetus.

    Inositol is usually considered part of the Vitamin B-Complex. It is thought that, along with Choline, Inositol is necessary for the formation of Lecithin within the body.

    Niacin, also available in the form of Nicotinamide, or Inosital Hexanicotinate is a coenzyme that assists in the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Niacin is essential for the health of the skin, tongue and digestive system. The disease pellagra is a result of a Niacin deficiency.

    PABA Para Aminobenzoic Acid may be considered part of the Vitamin B-Complex. It influences intestinal bacteria, enabling them to produce Folic Acid, which in turn aids in the production of Pantothenic Acid. As a coenzyme, PABA functions in the breakdown and utilisation of proteins, and in the formation of red blood cells.

    Pantothenic Acid is necessary for the normal functioning of the adrenal gland, it is involved in the formation of certain hormones and nerve regulating substances. It is also essential for the formation of fatty acids, and as a coenzyme it participates in the utilisation of Riboflavin and in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

  • Vitamin B-Complex

    THE B VITAMINS consist of a large number of substances that are involved in the metabolism of all living cells. Acting as coenzymes, they work together with proteins in the various enzyme systems of our body.

    The functions of the B Vitamins are closely synergistic, and because of these inter-relationships, a deficient intake of one or more of them can cause deficiencies in the others by hampering their utilisation. B Vitamins are water-soluble and are not stored in the body. They must be replaced daily, and any excess is excreted. Although the B Vitamins do work together, some of their individual functions are as follows:

    Vitamin B1 Thiamin acts as a coenzyme necessary for the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose, which is burned in the body for energy. It is essential for the functioning of the nervous system, and a deficiency can cause beriberi, a disease marked by weakness, paralysis and oedema.

    Vitamin B2 Riboflavin acts as a coenzyme that activates the breakdown and utilisation of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It is essential for cellular oxidation, and a deficiency can cause tissue inflammation and over-sensitivity to bright light.

    Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine plays a role as a coenzyme in the breakdown and utilisation of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It facilitates the release of glycogen for energy from the liver and muscles. It also participates in the utilisation of energy in brain and nervous tissues and is essential for the regulation of the central nervous system.

    Vitamin B12 Cobalamin is the only vitamin containing cobalt, a trace mineral. It is essential for the normal functioning of all body cells, especially those of bone marrow, gastrointestinal tract, and nervous system, and is necessary for the formation of red blood cells.

    Biotin is an essential coenzyme that assists in the making of fatty acids and in the burning of carbohydrates and fats for body heat and energy. It also aids in the utilisation of Amino Acids, Folic Acid, Pantothenic Acid, and Vitamin B12, and is a potent stimulant to the growth of healthy cells.

    Choline is usually considered part of the Vitamin B-Complex. It is a constituent of Lecithin, which facilitates the movement of fat from the liver and into cells, and it must be present before Vitamin A can be stored. It is manufactured in the body but most tissue Choline is derived from dietary phosphatides as found in Lecithin.

    Folic Acid, or Folacin, functions along with Vitamins B12 and C in the utilisation of proteins, and has an essential role in the formation of heme, the Iron-containing protein in haemoglobin, relating Folic Acid with the formation of red blood cells. Some Folic Acid is produced by the intestinal bacteria. Folic Acid is essential during pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects in the developing foetus.

    Inositol is usually considered part of the Vitamin B-Complex. It is thought that, along with Choline, Inositol is necessary for the formation of Lecithin within the body.

    Niacin, also available in the form of Nicotinamide, or Inosital Hexanicotinate is a coenzyme that assists in the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Niacin is essential for the health of the skin, tongue and digestive system. The disease pellagra is a result of a Niacin deficiency.

    PABA Para Aminobenzoic Acid may be considered part of the Vitamin B-Complex. It influences intestinal bacteria, enabling them to produce Folic Acid, which in turn aids in the production of Pantothenic Acid. As a coenzyme, PABA functions in the breakdown and utilisation of proteins, and in the formation of red blood cells.

    Pantothenic Acid is necessary for the normal functioning of the adrenal gland, it is involved in the formation of certain hormones and nerve regulating substances. It is also essential for the formation of fatty acids, and as a coenzyme it participates in the utilisation of Riboflavin and in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

  • Vitamin C & Bioflavonoids

    VITAMIN C is an antioxidant vitamin essential to the body’s health and is especially important for maintaining healthy skin. Also known as Ascorbic Acid, Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin.

    Unlike most other animals, humans cannot make their own Vitamin C. With Vitamin C playing a role in being part of more than 300 bodily functions, life itself depends on daily replenishment. Its primary function is to maintain Collagen, a protein necessary for the formation of skin, ligaments, bones and teeth, and for the strength of blood vessel walls. In addition, Vitamin C plays an important part in the absorption of Iron, which is necessary for the formation of red blood cells. It also plays a role in the utilisation of Folic Acid, one of the B-Complex Vitamins.

    It is well noted that Vitamin C is destroyed by food preparation more than any other nutrient. It is also well known that the body does not store Vitamin C, but tends to excrete excess amounts.

    Bioflavonoids are a companion to Vitamin C. Two of the most active forms are Hesperidin and Rutin. Calcium Ascorbate is a buffered (less acidic) form of Vitamin C.

    Ester-C® is a revolutionary form of Vitamin C. Metabolites in Ester-C® help the vitamin get into the bloodstream faster and in larger amounts with less waste. In addition, these metabolites help the vitamin penetrate white blood cells more efficiently. White blood cells are known to have very high levels of Vitamin C which is required for their metabolism. This, in turn, influences the white blood cells ability to perform their important role as a critical component of the immune system.

    Ester-C® with its neutral pH, is naturally processed in purified water, not solvents, and is proven to be better absorbed by the cells for maximum protection of the immune system.

  • Vitamin E

    IN THE early isolation of Vitamin E from plant oils, the term, Tocopherols, was used to name the four initial compounds that shared a similar structure. These compounds were designated as Alpha, Beta, Delta and Gamma Tocopherols. Their structures have two primary parts, a complex ring and a long saturated side chain. Tocopherols play an important role as the major fat-soluble Antioxidants that protect our bodies against free-radical damage.

    Vitamin E Alpha Tocopherol prevents saturated fatty acids and Vitamin A from breaking down and combining with other substances that may become harmful to the body. Not surprisingly, fats and oils containing Vitamin E are less susceptible to rancidity than those devoid of Vitamin E. Vitamin E also has the ability to unite with oxygen and prevent it from being converted into toxic peroxides. This leaves the red blood cells more fully supplied with the pure oxygen that the blood carries to the heart and other organs.

    Vitamin E plays an essential role in cellular respiration of all muscles, especially cardiac and skeletal. Vitamin E makes it possible for these muscles and their nerves to function with less oxygen, thereby increasing their endurance and stamina. It also causes dilation of the blood vessels, permitting a fuller flow of blood to the heart. Vitamin E also aids in bringing nourishment to the cells, strengthening the capillary walls, and protecting the red blood cells from destruction by poisons such as hydrogen peroxide, in the blood.

    The amount of Vitamin E present in a product is always reported as the equivalent amount of Alpha-Tocopherol (α-TE) regardless of the actual Tocopherol used in the product. This is indicated by having “α-TE” after the amount of Vitamin E in the ingredients list.

  • Vitamin K

    VITAMIN K is a fat-soluble vitamin. Phylloquinone, the natural Vitamin K found in Alfalfa and other foods, was discovered in Denmark and labelled Vitamin K for the Danish word, Koagulation. Food-source Phylloquinone is termed K1, while the Menaquinone produced by our intestinal bacteria is labelled Vitamin K2. A synthetic compound with the basic structure of the Quinones is Menadione, or Vitamin K3.

    Vitamin K is important for proper blood clotting or coagulation in humans. It is essential for the synthesis by the liver of four blood clotting proteins. Without Vitamin K, the level of the blood clotting proteins in the blood is reduced and clotting time is prolonged. Vitamin K has also been recognised for its role in the maintenance and health of bone. Since natural Vitamin K is fat soluble, it requires bile and pancreatic juice in the intestine for maximum absorption. By contrast, some of the synthetic Vitamin K compounds (K3) are water soluble and more easily absorbed and are subsequently used by people who may not tolerate natural Vitamin K well, such as those with decreased bile acid secretion. Absorption of Vitamin K takes place mainly in the upper part of the small intestine with the help of bile or bile salts and pancreatic juices and then carried to the liver for the synthesis of prothrombin, a key blood-clotting factor.

    Vitamin K is found in both plant and animal sources in nature. Good supplies are found in dark leafy greens, most green plants, Alfalfa and Kelp. Blackstrap molasses and the polyunsaturated oils such as Safflower also contain some Vitamin K. In animal-source foods, Vitamin K is found in liver, milk, yoghurt, egg yolks and fish liver oils. The best source for humans is that made by the intestinal bacteria which is why Vitamin K supplementation is particularly important for those whose normal balance of intestinal flora has been disrupted. K2 is a more active form than K1 and has been found to have additional benefits for arterial health.


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